What Does a Civil Engineer Do?

Civil Engineer Job Responsibilities

A civil engineer is an engineer who designs and supervises the construction works, such as roads, bridges, dams, tunnels, buildings, airports, water and sewage systems, and other large infrastructure projects.

Amongst above buildings and bridges are the most obvious civil engineering creations. A civil engineer applies scientific knowledge to improve infrastructure and common utilities that meet basic human needs. B.Tech in Civil Engineering is one of the best engineering degree programs in India that you can pursue to become a successful civil engineer.

What does a Civil Engineer do?

After military engineering, the field of civil engineering is one of the oldest branches of engineering, considering when people first started living in permanent settlements and began deciding their environments to suit their requirements.

There is a need for reliable sources of clean water, the means to dispose of waste, a network of streets and roadways for commerce and trade, and a way for people to defend themselves against hostile neighbours, though populations grew and larger groups of people began living together in towns and cities.

Civil engineers at that time mostly were needed in case of construction of walls, roads, bridges, dams, and levees; and to dig wells, irrigation ditches, and trenches. Many leading civil engineering colleges in Nashik prepare students for current and future challenges faced by the civil engineering industry through an industry-synced curriculum.

The most known civil engineering projects of ancient times include the roads of the Roman Empire, the Great Wall of China, the Pyramids of Giza, Stonehenge, the cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde; and Mayan ruins at Copan, Palenque, and Tikal. While the recent history is also noticeable by famous civil engineering miracles including the Eiffel Tower, named after Gustave Eiffel, the French civil engineer whose company built it; the Golden Gate Bridge, designed by Joseph Strauss and Charles Ellis; the Panama Canal (John Frank Stevens); the Hoover Dam (John L. Savage); and the Brooklyn Bridge, designed by John August Roebling and his son Washington Roebling.

Civil engineers work in the aerospace industry, designing jetliners and space stations. They are also significant in the automotive industry, calculating the load-carrying capacity of a chassis and improving the crash resistance of bumpers and doors. They also play an important role in the shipbuilding industry, the power industry, and multiple other industries requiring constructed facilities.

Civil engineering is a predominantly exhilarating profession, because those that work in this field can see the results of their work: a completed bridge, a high-rise building, a subway station, or a hydroelectric dam.

Civil engineers are often accountable for large teams that are involved in construction project work. The project deals with design, planning, and construction processes. Therefore it needs regularly meeting , collaboration with, and managing  these team members, composed of surveyors, construction managers, architects, landscape architects, and urban planners. Civil engineer also involves in designing and planning projects and presenting proposals, budgets, and amendments to clients.

Civil engineering is divided into the various fields like Structural Engineering, Construction Engineering, Earthquake Engineering, Transportation Engineering, Highway Engineering, Railway Engineering,  Traffic Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Hydraulic Engineering, Water Resource Engineering,  Environmental Engineering, Ecological Engineering,  Fire Protection Engineering, Mining Engineering, Architectural Engineering.

The following is a list of the most common industries in which civil engineers are employed.

A wide range of positions exists within each industry:

  • Mining and Drilling
  • Residential Construction
  • Commercial Construction
  • Urban Planning
  • Water and Gas Infrastructure
  • Sewerage Systems
  • Renewable Energy
  • Transportation Agencies
  • Government Agencies

According to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, 28% of civil engineers in the U.S. are employed by government agencies. In the private sector, civil engineers frequently work for or with construction firms, with those jobs making up approximately 50% of civil engineering positions.

Typical job titles for civil engineers include:

  • Construction Inspector
  • Project Engineer
  • Supervising Engineer
  • Associate Civil Engineer
  • Civil Engineer
  • City Engineer
  • Field Engineer
  • Development Manager


Top civil engineering colleges in Nashik are known for their cutting-edge curriculum, training pedagogy, and skill-building programs to help students become successful engineers. These colleges focus on balancing academic knowledge with practical sessions to help students find excellent career opportunities in engineering. Students receive 100% placement assistance through annual placement drives. Make sure you conduct necessary research before shortlisting and applying to top colleges for engineering in Maharashtra. Good luck!

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